The Scientific Transformation Of Hair Color

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The Scientific Transformation Of Hair Color

The process of permanently changing one’s hair color seems as simple as placing hair dye on the hair.  However, what people do not realize is that science is involved in the color transformation process.

The Science Behind Hair Coloring

Hair is made up of keratin which is a natural protein in the body. The color of one’s hair depends on the amount of eumelanin and phaeomelanin proteins that exist in each strand.  Darker hair has a higher ratio of eumelanin than does lighter hair.

In order to permanently change the color, one must open up the outer layer of the hair shaft, also known as the cuticle.  This is done by using heating tools (such as hair dryers), warm water, or alkaline chemicals. When the shaft is open, hair dye is allowed to penetrate the inside of the hair cell which then permanently changes its color.

Closing the hair cuticle will then lock in the color and cause the hair to appear smooth and healthy.  This is done by exposing it to cool water, air, or by using a hair conditioner.

Careful Use of Hair Chemicals

Color transformation should be done by a certified professional or by a technician in a beauty school.  However, there are many dye products on the market that are made for in home use.  Tips for effectively using these store bought dyes are as follows.

  1. Each box contains a color dye and a neutralizer.  Do not mix the two chemicals unless otherwise directed.  Doing so could result in burnt hair.  Strict heed should be given to the directions that are found on the box.
  2. Never mix hair dye products with other household chemicals, such as over the counter peroxide, unless otherwise instructed by the manufacturer. Doing so could result in a hair color other than what was desired.
  3. When using lightening agents, always leave it on the hair for the correct amount of time.  If left on too long, it will cause damage and may even cause the hair to fall out.
  4. Hair dye can permanently color skin and clothing.  Carefully wash the color off of the scalp as well as keep drips from running down the sides of the face.
  5. **NOTE – If at any time during the coloring stage one feels burning where the dye is, it should be rinsed out immediately as an allergic reaction may be taking place.

Hair can be successfully colored with beautiful results. Having a professional hair dresser complete the coloring process will ensure the hair is undamaged and the results pleasing to the eye.  For more information about dying hair, visit your local beauty schools to assist you with the process.

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